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Why is my transaction "pending"?

This article is about transactions sent to or from your Coinbase wallet. Learn about  pending purchases or bank deposits here.

Incoming transactions show up in your account almost instantly, but show as Pending until there have been enough network confirmations (this number varies by asset and can be found in the individual asset data in our Asset Directory). 

Once a transaction is confirmed, it will show Completed, indicating that the transaction can't be reversed and the funds can be withdrawn.

Coinbase runs its own digital currency nodes that communicate with the rest of the network. When you initiate a transaction, we broadcast it to the rest of the network so it can be confirmed.

Our nodes may lose sync with the rest of the network for short periods of time, which can cause transactions to remain Pending longer than normal. Usually the delay is under an hour and the transaction will eventually go through normally.

Occasionally, transactions aren't accepted by the rest of the network and therefore are never considered to be confirmed.

  • Sending a very small amount with insufficient fees
    All bitcoin transactions require a miner fee to be confirmed by the bitcoin network. When sending bitcoin you will be prompted to add a miner fee to make sure the transaction gets confirmed. If an insufficient fee is included, your transaction may never confirm.

  • Double-spending the same coins
    If two transactions try to spend the same coins, one of them will never be confirmed by the network. Normally, this shouldn't occur with transactions generated by Coinbase because our backend systems are designed to prevent it. 

  • Spending unconfirmed coins
    If you're trying to spend coins that are still Pending in your account, your transaction won't generate until the coins confirm.

  • High network volume
    Sometimes there's a high volume of digital currency being sent globally, and there are more transactions than there is space available in each new block to include the transaction.

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