Ethereum (ETH) staking guide on Coinbase Prime


You're required to hold 32 ETH in a single vault (cold) wallet to stake ETH. Transfer funds from your trading wallets and vault wallets into a single ETH vault wallet to meet the requirement. You'll see a Get Started link once you're eligible to stake from your vault wallet.

ETH staking transactions must go through an activation process before you start earning rewards. Rewards will only be earned once the full activation process is complete. Please note the time to complete this process is dependent on the network.  

The following steps comprise the activation process:

*Note on step 6:

To ensure the security and stability of the network , the protocol requires newly staked ETH to enter/exit the activation queue. This process is network dependent and not in Coinbase’s control. The activation periods can range from hours to weeks or longer before earning ETH rewards. The status of ETH in the activation queue can be evaluated here*.

*Third-party website provided for information only. Coinbase hasn't verified and doesn't guarantee the accuracy of information provided.

Unstaking is available in the ETH2 page for all staked wallets. Validators must be active for >= 256 epochs (~1 day) before they can exit. Once requested, validators will go through a protocol-level exit queue.

The time taken to process unstaking requests is determined by Ethereum protocol and demand. We anticipate the demand for unstaking on the network to be high soon after the upgrade and may take weeks to complete. Depending on demand, unstaking can take between hours, weeks or months to complete. Clients will be able to view an estimated time it may take to unstake prior to unstaking within the user interface. During the unstaking  process you will continue to accrue validator and transaction rewards for your ETH.

When staking with multiple validators (more than 32 ETH), the unstake request will be done in Prime for the whole wallet but each validator will exit separately. This can be tracked in the View Validators page in Prime.

Each ETH2 staking wallet will have a corresponding ETH wallet where the unstaked ETH will be sent after the exit process completes.

Lastly, following a validators exit, an additional 1 - 4 days may be required for the full withdrawal of unstaked assets. 

  • Validator types that you can use to stake asset on Coinbase Prime:

    • Coinbase uses vetted third party validator providers including Coinbase Cloud and others. Your staked ETH will be spread across multiple service providers to minimize risk and encourage decentralization.

  • Ability to stake to multiple validator addresses: Not applicable - each increment of 32 ETH is staked to a different validator but you can’t choose your validator.

  • Ability to change validator without unbonding and restaking: No

Related articles

  • Delegation minimum requirement: Not applicable.

  • Staking maximum: 3200 ETH per wallet

Related article:

Staking minimums and maximum

  • Estimated rewards rate: 4.12% - Rewards rates vary - visit* for current estimated reward rates.

  • Estimated reward payout:

    • Era | Validator rewards are distributed every 4 - 5 days after the activation period is complete. Rewards may not settle in a specified account for an additional duration depending on network conditions.

    • Era | Transaction rewards are distributed when a validator processes a transaction and are not distributed in a specified time frame.

  • Delegator reward compound: Not applicable

*Third-party website provided for information only. Coinbase hasn't verified and doesn't guarantee the accuracy of information, including minimum requirements, staking maximums, and reward rates, provided on

Related article:

Staking rewards 

  • Bonding period: Dependent on network conditions 

  • Unbonding period: Dependent on network conditions 

Refer to the Staking & Unstaking section of this article for more details on the staking activation and unstaking processes.

Related article:

Staking unbonding periods 

Slashing coverage available when using:

  • Coinbase Custody public validator: Not applicable - unable to delegate to this validator

  • Coinbase Cloud public validator: No

  • Coinbase Cloud dedicated validator: No

Related article:

Staking slashing coverage 

Ability to stake when using the following entity:

  • Coinbase Custody Trust Company, LLC: Yes

  • Coinbase Custody International, Ltd.: Yes

  • Coinbase Germany GmBH: Yes

  • Coinbase, Inc. (Custodial Account only): Yes

Related article:

Staking availability by Coinbase Prime entities

  • Ability to unstake assets: Yes

  • Ability to change staking amounts: Yes, but you have manually re-stake new rewards (post-merge) and additional deposits in increments of 32 ETH

  • Ability to add new principal funds to a staked wallet: No

  • Partial amounts allowed: Yes, only in multiples of 32

Related articles:

Fees charged when using the following validator types:

  • Coinbase Custody public validator: Not applicable - unable to delegate to this validator

  • Coinbase Cloud public validator: 10% Charged by Coinbase Prime. Note: validation services are diversified across multiple high-quality validator providers including Coinbase Cloud

  • Coinbase Cloud dedicated validator: Subscription, participatory, and service fee vary. Reach out to your Account Manager or Prime Operations team for more information

  • Note:  please note that the fee is not automatically taken out of your ETH rewards but is invoiced on a monthly basis.

Related article:

Staking pricing and fees

Consensus requirements: General consensus approvals required for all staking activities

Related article:

Consensus settings on Coinbase Prime

Does Coinbase offer any protection or insurance for staked assets that are slashed?

We do not offer any slashing protection. We believe the best way to minimize slashing risk is to use diversified, high-quality validators. We use multiple validator providers for ETH staking to promote decentralization within ETH and minimize risk to client funds.

What is the US tax treatment for ETH staking?

When you receive your liquid rewards in your Coinbase Prime account, Coinbase will consider rewards earned from staking ETH as taxable income. Subject to future guidance from the IRS, ETH staking rewards are considered income, just like any other kind of staking rewards.

Pre-Upgrade Transaction Rewards: Prior to the date of the Upgrade, Institutional clients have been receiving their transaction rewards in their Coinbase Prime Vault wallets. As these rewards have been paid, they have been reportable as income on a 1099-MISC. Those who received a 1099-MISC for 2022 may see these transaction rewards included. 

Post-Upgrade One-Time Taxable Event for Prior Validator Rewards: ETH staking "validator" rewards earned before withdrawals are supported by Coinbase will be summed up and considered income, using the market price of ETH as of the date(s) when you receive their your skimmed validator rewards in your Coinbase Prime Vault wallets. 

Future Rewards: Moving forward: both ETH staking transaction and validator rewards will be considered income when they are paid, using the market price of ETH as of the date they are received. 

Tax treatment for ETH staking may differ based on your jurisdiction and regulations; please contact a qualified tax accountant for more information.

Related articles and sources:

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